Welcome to ECA's dedicated page on the New Occurrence Reporting Regulation!
Reporting matters is a not only providing in-depth information on the background and regulatory development of the European occurrence reporting framework but it also helps better grasping what has changed or why this regulatory expansion is a significant step. Look around and read ECA's interviews with its Just Culture Ambassadors, watch our videos revealing personal experiences, or just get a glimpse of the most frequently asked questions (and answers) on the new reporting scheme.
Check out our animated summary of what`s new under the current Occurrence Reporting Regulation (EU Reg. 376/2014) that is applicable as of 15 Nov 2015!
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Everybody recognises that safety information is the lifeblood of every aviation system. However, underreporting of safety incidents is still a very tangible phenomenon across the industry. When was the last time YOU filed a safety report?
The fear of prosecution or reprisals at company level after reporting an event is still very much present nowadays and it discourages aviation staff to report occurrences. The consequence: insufficient occurrence reporting, broken feed-back loop and reduced ability to pro-actively achieve safety improvements by learning from the past. This is why much effort is invested to encourage aviation professionals to report safety matters.
The new EU Occurrence Reporting Regulation is one key step in this direction as it sets a new framework to encourage and protect safety reporting by aviation professionals, including pilots. Applicable as of 15 Nov 2015, this new piece of legislation requires aviation organisations in the EU to adopt and maintain a proactive Just Culture to facilitate the collection of key safety data and information and to protect the reports as well as the information.
But can we really expect any changes to the daily life of an airline pilots? YES!
Today’s aviation safety system primarily relies on technological progress, legislation overseen by regulatory authorities and lessons learned from investigations into accidents. This reactive approach, however, has shown its limits in the ability to generate significant safety improvements. And though challenges still exist, the new Occurrence Reporting Regulation is a step forward for an ever safer aviation.
See the background and the evolution of the European regulatory framework on occurrence reporting!
The new EU Occurrence Reporting Regulation is a comprehensive framework and a set of standards for reporting, collecting, storing, protecting and disseminating the relevant safety information. It also introduces requirements on information analysis and adoption of follow-up safety actions at national level. Here is our list of frequently asked questions for your review:
1. Am I under a legal obligation to report events?
The new regulation specifies a list of persons who shall report occurrences identified as a significant risk to aviation safety through the mandatory reporting schemes. This includes the pilot in command, or, in cases where the pilot in command is unable to report, any other crew member next in the chain of command. The list is not limited to employees of organisations, but also extends to persons whose services are contracted (e.g. commercial, private, self-employed pilots, etc.).
A Just Culture Ambassador is someone, who due to his experiences, know-how and personal drive towards Just Culture and safety matters, was appointed to convey the important messages the new Occurrence Reporting Regulation (ORR) carries. ECA is proud to have seven outstanding Just Culture Ambassadors on board from all different walks of life.
Our Just Culture Ambassadors grasp a solid understanding of the new ORR; thus, through their actions, they aim to reinforce trust in the reporting process, and strive to emphasise the importance of confidentiality and protection of a reporter.
This article was published as part of ECA`s #ReportingMatters campaign, in which we interviewed seven experienced pilots and accident investigators (known as ECA Just Culture Ambassadors) about Just Culture, safety & reporting matters in the aviation industry and beyond.
- “As long as you are doing your job, you should not be punished” – Portrait of Bert Bonke pilot and accident investigator
- “Instead of doing all the mistakes yourself, learn from someone else’s” – Portray of Johan Glantz Pilot
- Don’t play the blame game – Lessons from Peter Beer, Pilot & Accident Investigator
- “The why is more important than the what and the who” – Portrait of Renault Bosma pilot and Chairman of ECA Flight Data Working Group
- “You can’t change from zero to hundred in a day”- Portrait Of Juan Carlos Lozano, Pilot and Accident Investigator
- “If you want to improve safety, let’s start working together" - Portrait of Rudy Pont Pilot
- “Humans are the most valuable part of the aviation chain” – Portrait of Paul Reuter Pilot
In these videos ECA Just Culture Ambassdors share their authentic experiences on why Just Culture and safety reporting really matter:
- What is data without context? Bert Bonke
- Yes, it could have been you Johan Glantz
- The more difficult to report, the more we learn Peter Beer
- Is it lack of skills, or maybe, fatigue? Renault Bosma
- Don't forget to ask: what was wrong? Juan Carlos Lozano
- Safety is everywhere. Also in the details Rudy Pont
These articles were written by our Just Culture Ambassadors - seven experienced pilots and accident investigators - where they share their thoughts on Just Culture, safety & reporting matters in the aviation industry and beyond.
- Just Culture — Who Decides Over ‘Just’? by Bert Bonke
- Pilot Fatiuge - To Report or not to Report, that is the Question by Peter Beer
- Just Culture within the organisation: Are you ready for it? by Paul Reuter
- Every incident or accident is different - The Need for a Just Culture Review Committee by Rudy Pont
- Just Culture Is Not About Matching Consequences With Outcome by Juan Carlos Lozano
- How Can National Authorities Facilitate Just Culture? by Renault Bosma
This is the FIRST time that a thorough research on safety culture is targeting the professional commercial PILOTS. Join the collaboration of the LSE, the European Commission (Horizon 2020 Future Sky Safety programme), and EUROCONTROL and invest 10 minutes of your time to have an impact on aviation for the years to come.
- Regulation (Eu) No 376/2014 Of The European Parliament And Of The Council (Official Journal of the European Union, April 2014)
- Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1018 (Official Journal of the European Union, June 2015)
Campaigns, articles & others
- European Corporate Just Culture Declaration (Oct 2015)
- Aviation Safety Reporting (European Commission Portal, 2015)
- Just Culture Needs More Than Legislation! (ECA, 2015)
- Occurrence reporting (EASA, 2015)
- Aviation safety vs the “prosecutorial imperative”. Indiscriminate prosecutions erode safety culture (CAPA, Oct 2015)
- Preventing Aircraft Accidents Through Just Culture Regulation (Eu) No 376/2014 – A Better Use Of Occurrences To Improve Aviation Safety (ASJ, March 2015)
- Just Culture - Because we are all humans - video (EUROCONTROLTV Sept 2014)
- Just Culture in the real world (Eurocontrol’s Hindsight magazine, 2013)
- Just Culture Model Policy (EUROCONTROL Sept 2012)